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However, how can you create a system that has a decentralized ledger How can you give someone the ability to update the ledger without giving them a lot of powerin case they become corrupt or negligent in their job
Well, Bitcoins rulesalso known as the Bitcoin protocolsolves this in a Really creative manner I like to phone Who Wants to Be a Banker
In a nutshell, anyone who wants to participate in updating the ledger of Bitcoin transactions, known as the blockchain, can do so. All you need is to suppose a random number that solves an equation generated by the system. Sounds easy, right
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Obviously, this guessing is all done by your computer. The stronger your computer is, the further supposes you can create in a second, increasing your chances of winning this match. If you manage to guess right, you earn bitcoins and get to write the next page of Bitcoin transactions on the blockchain. .
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1. Once your mining computer comes up with the ideal guess, your mining system determines which of these current pending transactions will be grouped together into the next block of transactions. Compiling this block represents the moment of glory, as youve now become a temporary banker of Bitcoin who gets to upgrade the Bitcoin transaction ledger known as the blockchain. .
2. The block youve created, along with the solution, is sent to the entire network so other computers can affirm it. Its a bit much like some Rubiks cube: The solution is quite hard to attain but quite easy to validate.
3. Each computer that validates your solution upgrades its copy of the Bitcoin transaction ledger together with the transactions that you chose to include in the cube.
4. The machine generates a predetermined amount of bitcoins (currently 12.5) and rewards them to you as compensation for the time and energy you spent solving the math issue.
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5. Additionally, you get paid any transaction fees which were attached to the transactions you inserted into the next block.
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6. Each of the transactions in the cube youve only entered are now confirmed from the Bitcoin network and therefore are virtually irreversible.
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Therefore thats Bitcoin mining in a nutshell. Its called mining due to the fact that this process helps mine new Bitcoins from the system. But if you think about it, the mining part is just a by-product of this transaction confirmation procedure. Therefore the name is somewhat misleading, since the main objective of mining is to maintain the ledger in a decentralized manner. .
As you can imagine, since mining is based on a form of guessing, for each block, a different miner will guess the number and be granted the right to update the blockchain. Of course, the miners with computing power will succeed more often, but on account of the regulation of statistical probability, its highly unlikely that the same miner will succeed every time. .
Now that you know what Bitcoin mining is, you might be thinking, Cool! Free money! Where do I sign up Well, not so fast
Satoshi Nakamoto, who invented Bitcoin, crafted the rules for mining in a manner that the further mining power the network has, the harder it is anchor to guess the answer to the mining math issue. Therefore that the difficulty of this mining process is actually self-adjusting to the gathered mining capability the network possesses. .
If more miners join, it will get harder to solve the issue; when many of them fall off, it will get easier. This is known as mining issue.
Now, remember, this is on average. We can have two cubes being inserted minute after minute and then wait an hour for the next block. In the long run, this may even out to ten minutes on average.
As you can imagine, this kind of self-adjusting mechanism has created a type of arms race to acquire the most efficient and powerful miners as soon as possible.
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When Bitcoin first started out, there werent a lot of miners out there. In reality, Satoshi, the inventor of Bitcoin, and his friend Hal Finney were a few the only individuals mining Bitcoin back at the time using their own personal computers.
Using your CPU (central processing unityour computers brain and an integrated component in any computer) was enough for mining Bitcoin back in 2009, since mining issue was low. Since Bitcoin began to catch on, people looked for more potent mining solutions.